Petre Cristian Ilie, MD, PhD, research and innovation director, the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Foundation Trust; consultant urological surgeon, the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, U.K.
Vadim Backman, PhD, professor of biomedical engineering and medicine, and director of the Center for Physical Genomics, Northwestern University.
Bart Roep, PhD, chair, department of diabetes immunology, City of Hope, Duarte, CA.
JoAnn Manson, MD, DrPH, professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School; chief, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
Jackie Wilcox, RD, dietitian, Newburyport, MA.
Medscape: “Does Vitamin D Protect Against COVID-19?”
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research: “The role of vitamin D in the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 infection and mortality.”
medRxiv: “Vitamin D insufficiency is prevalent in severe COVID-19.”
medRxiv: “The Possible Role of Vitamin D in Suppressing Cytokine Storm and Associated Mortality in COVID-19 Patients.”
SSRN: “Patterns of COVID-19 Mortality and Vitamin D: An Indonesian Study.”
SSRN: “Vitamin D Supplementation Could Possibly Improve Clinical Outcomes of Patients Infected with Coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19).”
Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine: “Vitamin D: A rapid review of the evidence for treatment or prevention in COVID-19.”
Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews: “Vitamin D Concentrations and COVID-19 Infection in UK Biobank.”
Irish Medical Journal: “Vitamin D and Inflammation: Potential Implications for Severity of Covid-19.”
Dermato-Endocrinology: “The possible roles of solar ultraviolet-B radiation and vitamin D in reducing case-fatality rates from the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic in the United States.”
The BMJ: “Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data.”
National Institutes of Health: “Vitamin D: Fact Sheet for Health Professionals,” March 24, 2020.
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: “The Nutrition Source: Vitamin D,” March 2020.
Journal of Investigative Medicine: “Vitamin E and the Immune System.”
Mayo Clinic: “What is vitamin D toxicity? Should I be worried about taking supplements?”